Using the power of analogy, a new structure-mapping engine gives computers the ability to reason like humans and even solve moral dilemmas.
Source: Making computers reason and learn by analogy: Structure-mapping engine enables computers to reason and learn like humans, including solving moral dilemmas — ScienceDaily
I’ve said it before, human thinking works on sameness and difference – key being difference!
Here, they’re taking the cataphatic approach – probably bouncing off Douglas Hofstadter’s work on analogy, but guys! don’t forget about the opposite – dissimilarity!
Law of Existence – continued
In my previous post, I promised to illustrate how the Laws of Thought, as they are used today, emerge naturally from the Law of Existence. Time to make good on my promise.
In a comment left by reader SelfAwarePatterns he mentioned that he didn’t see how the Law of the Excluded Middle (LEM) was rendered false by the Law of Existence. He’s absolutely right – it’s not false, and indeed it’s very naturally present already within the Law of Existence. What is false however, is the ‘closed’ interpretation of the LEM which says that a Thing only ever is or (exclusive or) is not. That is clearly false, and to use the example he gave:
Continue reading “The Law of Existence – Part 2”
George Boole’s “Laws of Thought” have been extremely useful in many disciplines, but I contend that they are nevertheless incomplete. In their dominance over most of Logic and Philosophy, they have caused a conceptual ‘blind spot’ in the many fields of research which use or emanate from such reasoning – including the Foundations of Mathematics. It’s time we set the records straight. I propose one law, which for now I call “The Law of Existence”, and show how the Laws of Thought emerge naturally from its consequences. Continue reading “The Law of Existence – a better logic?”